Sick, Injured Or Orphaned Wild Animal


THUNDER BAY, ON   ----   May 31, 2011 ----   If you see what you think may be sick, injured or Baby Deerorphaned wildlife, don’t remove it from its natural habitat. The bird or animal may not need assistance and you could actually do more harm in your attempt to help.

Where an animal is in need of help, it requires specialized care to recover and return to the wild.

You cannot keep wildlife in captivity without approval from the Ministry of Natural Resources.

Determining if Wildlife is Orphaned
Some species leave their offspring alone temporarily, especially during the day. For example, deer spend much of the day away from their well-camouflaged offspring to minimize the chance of predators finding them.

To determine if young wildlife is truly orphaned, check the animal periodically for 24 to 48 hours to see if it is still around. Keep your distance. Keep cats and dogs away from the area inhabited by the young animal; the adult will not return if it is noisy or if predators or people are close by.

Figuring out what to do

Contact your local ministry office for help assessing the situation and on what action you should take.
If you must handle the animal, take care to minimize the risk of injury to yourself and to the animal. Wear protective clothing and equipment, such as leather gloves, to avoid bites or scratches; wash your hands well after handling the animal.

Signs of Injury or Illness

Blood, wounds or swelling on the body
Body covered in fleas
Unusual or uneven loss of fur or feathers
Difficult or raspy breathing or sneezing
A dangling leg or wing
Closed eyes; head tucked under wing

Diseased or Dead Wildlife

To report dead animals, birds, or bats contact the Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre ( at 1-866-673-4781.

If you suspect there is a public health risk from a sick wild animal, such as rabies, or you or your pet had contact with a suspected rabid animal, contact your local Public Health Unit immediately.

Rabies is fatal for humans and animals if not treated. Symptoms of rabies and several other diseases in animals can include tremors, aggressive behaviour, partial paralysis, convulsions, and loss of fear of humans.

Contact Information

Public Health Units:

call 1-866-532-3161 between 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. Monday to Friday

visit for a list of offices.

Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre:

call 1-866-673-4781

For more information on wildlife, visit

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